This study has mapped and reviewed the continuous professional development and lifelong learning of doctors, nurses, dentists, midwives and pharmacists in the 28 member countries of the EU and EFTA countries.

It describes the policy background to the topic, reviews available literature and illustrates the outcomes of a Europe – wide survey and expert workshop, as well as presenting an overview of EU and European -level initiatives on CPD.

The study identifies policy recommendations to strengthen the exchange of cooperation and best practices at European level and highlights the need to make efforts allowing all health professionals to undertake CPD, including addressing the main barriers identified, these being a lack of time and resources.

The recommendations also call for more research into CPD and its relation to patient safety and quality of care.

To read the executive summary click here on

To read the full 448 page report, click here on