Antibiotic resistance presents one of the biggest threats to global health and development today – and the threat is growing. On any given day, about 80,000 patients – or 1 in 18 patients in hospitals – in the EU have at least one health care associated infection according to estimates from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and these are often difficult to treat because the microorganisms that cause them are resistant to antibiotics. These infections are estimated to result in 16 million extra days spent in hospital and 37,000 attributable deaths, as well as contributing to an additional 110,000 deaths a year. Annual financial losses are estimated at approximately €7 billion (direct costs only).
Health professionals – including general practitioners, nurses, hospital prescribers, dentists and pharmacists – can help prevent and control the spread of antibiotic resistance by following five key recommendations from WHO:
- if you think a patient might need antibiotics, where possible test to confirm and find out which one;
- only prescribe antibiotics when they are truly needed, according to current guidelines;
- prescribe and dispense the right antibiotic at the right dose for the right duration;
- prevent infections by using safe hygiene practices to ensure that your hands, instruments and environment are clean; and
- keep your patients’ vaccinations up to date.
For more information about Antibiotic resistance on the euro.who.int website